Parable of the tenants
(Mt 21:33; Lk 20:9)
• 1 Using parables, Jesus went on to say, “A man planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a hole for the wine press and built a watch tower. Then he leased the vineyard to tenants and went abroad.
2 In due time he sent a servant to receive from the tenants his share of the fruit. 3 But they seized the servant, struck him and sent him back empty-handed. 4 Again the man sent another servant. They also struck him on the head and treated him shamefully. 5 He sent another and they killed him. In the same way they treated many others; some they struck and others they killed. 6 One was still left, his beloved son. And so, last of all, he sent him to the tenants, for he said: ‘They will respect my son.’
7 But those tenants said to one another: ‘This is the one who is to inherit the vineyard. Let’s kill him and the property will be ours.’ 8 So they seized him and killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. 9 Now, what will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others.”
10 And Jesus added, “Have you not read this text of the Scriptures: The stone which the builders rejected has become the keystone. 11 This was the Lord’s doing; and we marvel at it.
12 They wanted to arrest him for they realized that Jesus meant this parable for them, but they were afraid of the crowd. So they left him and went away.
Paying taxes to Caesar
(Mt 22:15; Lk 20:20)
• 13 They sent to Jesus some Pharisees with members of Herod’s party, with the purpose of trapping him in his own words. 14 They came and said to Jesus, “Master, we know that you are true; you are not influenced by anyone, and your answers do not vary according to who is listening to you but you truly teach God’s way. Tell us, is it against the Law to pay taxes to Caesar? Should we pay them or not?”
15 But Jesus saw through their trick and answered, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a silver coin and let me see it.” 16 They brought him one and Jesus asked, “Whose head is this, and whose name?” They answered, “Caesar’s.” 17 Then Jesus said, “Return to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”
And they were greatly astonished.
(Mt 22:23; Lk 20:27)
• 18 The Sadducees also came to Jesus. Since they claim that there is no resurrection, they questioned him in this way, 19 “Master, in the Scriptures Moses gave us this law: ‘If anyone dies and leaves a wife but no children, his brother must take the wife and give her a child who will be considered the child of his deceased brother.’ 20 Now, there were seven brothers. The first married a wife, but he died without leaving any children. 21The second took the wife and he, too, died leaving no children. The same thing happened to the third. 22 Finally the seven died leaving no children. Last of all the woman died. 23 Now, in the resurrection, to which of them will she be wife? For the seven had her as wife.”
24 Jesus replied, “You could be wrong in this regard because you understand neither the Scriptures nor the power of God. 25 When they rise from the dead, men and women do not marry but are like the angels in heaven.
26 Now, about the resurrection of the dead, have you never reflected on the chapter of the burning bush in the book of Moses? God said to him: I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. 27 Now, he is the God, not of the dead but of the living. You are totally wrong.”
The greatest commandment
(Mt 22:34; Lk 10:25; 20:40)
• 28 A teacher of the Law had been listening to this discussion and admired how Jesus answered them. So he came up and asked him, “Which commandment is the first of all?”
29 Jesus answered, “The first is: Hear, Israel! The Lord, our God, is One Lord; 30 and you shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind and with all your strength. 31 And after this comes another one: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. There is no commandment greater than these two.”
32 The teacher of the Law said to him, “Well spoken, Master; you are right when you say that he is one and there is no other. 33 To love him with all our heart, with all our understanding and with all our strength, and to love our neighbor as ourselves is more important than any burnt offering or sacrifice.”
34 Jesus approved this answer and said, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” But after that, no one dared to ask him any more questions.
Whose son is the Christ?
(Mt 22:41; Lk 20:41; Mt 23:6)
35 As Jesus was teaching in the Temple, he said, “The teachers of the Law say that the Messiah is the son of David. How can that be? 36 For David himself, inspired by the Holy Spirit declared: The Lord said to my Lord: sit at my right until I put your enemies under your feet. 37 If David himself calls him Lord, in what way can he be his son?”
Many people came to Jesus and listened to him gladly.
• 38 As he was teaching, he also said to them, “Beware of those teachers of the Law who enjoy walking around in long robes and being greeted in the marketplace, 39 and who like to occupy reserved seats in the synagogues and the first places at feasts. 40 They even devour the widow’s and the orphan’s goods while making a show of long prayers. How severe a sentence they will receive!”
The widow’s offering
• 41 Jesus sat down opposite the Temple treasury and watched the people dropping money into the treasury box; and many rich people put in large offerings. 42 But a poor widow also came and dropped in two small coins.
43 Then Jesus called his disciples and said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all those who gave offerings. 44 For all of them gave from their plenty, but she gave from her poverty and put in everything she had, her very living.”
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